For us Gang Members and techno goobs out here, I feel I should clarify that inclination is simply the geometrical term describing the body's attitude inside the turn. Inclination can be Angulation... or it can be Banking. Angulation has already been defined by Todo, but I believe it can be better qualified by stating that it is actually a FORM of inclination. Banking on the other hand could best be described as inclination with no angulation... or LEANING. (Yeah, I know. BLABBITY BLABBITY BLAH.)
I'm not exactly sure how to go in on this, some others may be a little more versed than I, but I think our little term "kinetic chain" comes into play. With the shapes, we CAN in fact get away with banking into the turns more than before, but it's not necessarily the most efficient. The racers aren't really banking, but staying in alignment... I believe the term here is "stacking". referring to how the skeleton stacks up on top of the ankle to form a strong, yet mobile stance. Were any of these guys to make a mistake and bank at their speeds, they end up on the inside ski and spend the next few turns recovering... shedding precious time. They instead opt to work the ankle/knee/hip chain and let the natural tendencies of their bones to decide how much edge angle is fastest and most direct. Tree trunks for legs don't hurt either.
As for us mortals, angulation can be decided in much the same manner. As we feel forces and pressure building up on us in any given turn, we can resist them by tipping, turning, or flexing/extending, or all three. Example: As I make a medium radius turn (parallel)on a groomed blue run, I will feel heavier and heavier as the turn progresses to the fall line and into the belly of my turn. The edge angle that I had at the top of my turn is no longer sufficient, so I must increase it or begin skidding sideways. I'll begin that tip at the ankles and let alignment take over from there. Keep in mind that toward the end of my turn, one foot will be higher up the hill than the other. Skeletally, that will tend to push the uphill ski ahead of the other and the hip will react accordingly. I just let it happen because it is here that I find all the counter I will ever need! As long as my upper body stays in line and not twisted against the lever of the skis, I'll be able to edge and rotate and extend effectively. (running out of words here!)
If I just tip, though, my skis will want to take a straighter line and I may just fall inside my turn (this happens very easily when you bank), so now I must also begin rotating the columns of both legs to keep the skis "underneath" me and my upper body going along with the rest of me. This rotation should be pretty powerful as long as I'm not staight-legged and the flex in my legs will allow for some pretty strong and appropriate angulation.
Now I have pressure to deal with. I'll defy it by lengthening the legs (deliberately). The lengthening will be accompanied by decreasing edge angles, and hopefully decreasing pressure. My body should also be returning to a more neutral skeletal state, so that I can have a solid position from which to move. By this time I had better almost be done with this turn or I'm hamburger. it certainly takes longer to explain than it does to execute!!! Anyway, if my timing is good and I reach full extension at the end of my turn I will be aligned and ready for the next turn. Full Extension does not mean "maxed out". It just means that you have lengthened as far as you are willing to. It's different for everyone I think.
Whoa. Waaaay too long. I guess if I was to sum it all up, I just try to think of angulation, pressure, and face-plants as things that happen to us... not as things we contrive or exert upon ourselves. I'll be availabel for tearing apart at your liesure.
2 cents (more like 8 cents),
[This message has been edited by Notorious Spag (edited September 05, 2001).]</FONT>