Visual clues to INEFFECTIVE skiing
Below are common ineffective movement patterns we see in all levels of skiers:
Balance and Stance:
Lack of proper balance and stance makes it difficult to access other skills and learn new movements.
-Some of the skier's joints flex too much, and others not enough. For example, too little ankle flex causes the hips to stay behind the knees (weight too far back), while too much ankle flex causes the skier to be too far forward.
-The upper body is tipped to the inside throughout the turn.
-The inside ski bends more than the outside ski.
-The skier is stiff or static and gets bounced around by the terrain.
-The skier's hands and hips are behind the feet.
Without appropriate edging skills, the skier is unable to control the radius, shape, or speed of the turn.
The skis tip onto an edge late in the turn (in or after the fall line), creating a fast and heavy edge set at the end of the turn.
-The skier stands straight up before moving into the turn or moves up and back instead of in a diagonal direction toward the new turn.
-The skier uses extra movements, such as lifting the inside ski or stemming to change edges.
-The skier may over-flex the hips or knees to tip the skis onto an edge.
-The skier's movement into the turn is inaccurate, causing loss of alignment and balance.
Without proper rotary movements, control deteriorates in difficult terrain because the skier cannot use the legs properly.
-The shoulders and/or torso initiate the turning of the skis.
-One ski stems or steps to begin the turn.
-The skis pivot or skid throughout the turn, creating a Z-shaped turn.
-The skis turn too quickly, causing overtuning, or do not turn fast enough, causing under-turning.
Pressure Control Movements:
When pressure control is lacking, the skier looks as if she or he is fighting the terrain rather than working with it.
-The skis and the skier get bounced around by the terrain.
-The skier is mostly on the back or front of the skis throughout the turn rather than balanced in the middle of the skis.
-The legs do not exhibit flexion and extension in response to changes in terrain.
-The legs do not exhibit flexion and extension in response to forces in the turn.
-The pole plant is erratic in timing and direction.
-The upper body is flailing and undisciplined.
The skier who fails to use directional movements is moving against gravity or away from the turn.
-The skier moves vertically upward before moving into the new turn.
-The skis pivot or skid as they move through the turn.
-The skier's outside (downhill) hand, shoulder, and hip lead throughout the turn.
-The skier is looking directly at the ski tips or down at the snow, limiting vision.
-The pole swing is directed too close to the tip of the ski or too far behind the foot instead of in the direction of the new turn.
Hire a pro and practice, practice, practice. Source: PSIA