Stivot / Pivot Entry Turn - USA / Canada / Jimmy Cochran
2006 VARA Coaches Educational Seminar Notes (September 16, 2006 at Okemo resort, VT) http://www.njsra.org/images/VARA%201...%20Seminar.pdf
page 3 WC Tactics & Technique in Modern GS- Adam Chadbourne, formerly w/USSA Development Program
* “STIVOT” => rotating the ski tips ‘in’ on approach to a gate, sliding to check speed,then rotating tips back ‘out’ to direction of turn to lock skis in for the turn around the gate
* Basic turn shapes: Arching turn: tail follows tip throughout the turnNon arching turn: as in a ‘stivot’ or when tip is in a clean arc but tail swashes
* WC women generally do not ‘stivot’; reason is that their courses are generally flatter and it requires a tremendous amount of energy to execute, more than most women can provideo
* Showed WC video of Benny Raich performing a stivot; rotated across the fall line a full 90 before bringing tip back to fall line to make the turn (a must see)
National Development System Rocky Mountain/Central Regional Coaches Report by Rob Worrell USSA R/C Regional Coach http://www.centralussa.org/forms/mee...rtspring08.pdf
page 3 R/C Regional Coach Technical/Tactical Discussion Spring '08
2. Stivot vs.Carving
· Carving is still the primary goal of all World Cup skiers.
· Stivots are used for timing of where to hit the fall line on steep, ice courses.
Stivots are also used to gain back line. Stivots can be used on big turns to
travel a shorter distance, then creating strong pressure in the fall line, which
builds deflection towards the next gate.
ACA Alpine Ontario Alpin Technical Presentation at Provincial Coaches’ Seminar Collingwood Ontario in Collingwood, September 29, 2007 by Pete Deisroth OST Women’s Head Coach http://www.alpineontario.ca/site/con...20Deisroth.pdf
The Stivot = Steering + Pivoting
Stivot/Feather/Butter the Toast
The Stivot is a skill to maintain: it necessary maintain is
– On extremely turny courses where pure arcs are virtually impossible
– On steep, icy terrain
– On awkward sections of a course where speed or direction control are necessary for safe negotiation
• A successful “Stivot” is performed over the center of the foot
• By maintaining balance over the center of the foot where the foot, the athlete has control of pressure is added
• If “Stivot” is a Stivot initiated from the ski tips (windshield wiper turns), pressure cannot be added until the athlete regains balance – which results in “late” pressure
See Dartfish File: “Bronwyn Sliding”
Alpine Events A Technical Discussion Focus-Giant Slalom at 2008 Coaches Summit by Paul Kristofic, Head Coach-Men’s Program Canadian Alpine Ski Team http://www.canski.org/webconcepteurc...Discussion.pdf
page 12 Trends and Specialized GS Skills
Correction tactics-still see the ever present “stivot”a combination of steering and pivoting-an acquired skill to not loose speed…IMPORTANT NOTE-this is a practiced skill but is used when there is a mistake in timing, line or general technique OR when the course setting dictates (only some of the most difficult WC’s we see this.. i.e. Alta Badia or Badklein Kircheim
Comments from NASTAR forum by Jimmy Cochran http://www.nastar.com/community/inde...showtopic=2276
Posts # 3, 5, 7
b) When should a stivot be used?
It seems that by cutting off the top of the turn the stivot allows for a lower, straighter, more direct line than a pure arc to arc turn. Is this only for cranker turns where pure arcs are virtually impossible, steep icy terrain, awkward sections of course where speed or direction control are required for or is it also used in other situations like recovering a lost line?
c) On average how many stivots do you use in a GS course?
"Some courses it can be almost all and others it is be none. Stivoting or not stivoting is a judgment that is made at the beginning of each turn. When I come into a turn I decide if a pure arc or a stivot is the best approach. A stivot is always safer though arcing the entire turn is always faster. So there's a compromise"
d) What is the range of number of stivots that you have used in a GS course (0-3, 0-5, etc)
"Say 50 turns in a gs, so probably some races I'll use maybe 30. Or none of course if the hill is easy."
e) On average how many stivots do you use in a SL course?
"depends entirely on the hill. Our last race in Zagreb I used probably 4. At the upcoming race in Kransjka Gora about one third of the hill calls for stivots"
f) What is the range of number of stivots that you have used in a SL course (0-3, 0-5, etc)
"Same as GS"
g) What free skiing & gate drills have you found helpful to learn the stivot technique?
"Just a tight turny steep course is all you need. Or just a steep pitch to free ski on for that matter. Personally I think it would be more rewarding to practice arcing turns in situation where stivoting is called for. That's how you really push yourself out of your comfort zone and hence improve."
5. How do you describe the stivot move? Do you feel that the stivot is more of an unpressured float or a steered pressured feather move? Also, did any of the various descriptions that I had mentioned above accurately capture the stivot move?
Were you doing a stivot in this Ron LeMaster photo sequence of yourself at Beaver Creek SL 2004? If not, how would you describe the move that you made in this sequence?
James Cochran - Beaver Creek SL, 2004, 1st run http://ronlemaster.com/images/latest...2004-sl-1.html
"I'd say in general there is very little direction change happening during a stivot. This implies that it is more of an unpressured float than a steered pressured feather. We call it the "float and sting"."
"This sequence is a good example of what my current focus is trying to combat. You can see that I'm in the air in the transition. While in the air I'm drifting both down and across the hill from the next gate. When I finally do touch down I have no choice but to point my skis directly back into the course (smoothly arcing a turn here would take way too long and cause my line to be way low in relation to the next gate). Because of this air time, I took a longer line than I could have, and I lost speed due to the braking action of my sideways traveling skis. This is an example of a recovery stivot."
(putterman @ Feb 26 2008, 11:10 PM)
At what level do you think us regular NASTARers should be considering the stivot? Is this something that seasoned pros use (for a reason), or is it something that should be in all of our arsenals?
"I think the better you get (and the more fearless you become) the less you will have to use a stivot. It's worth knowing how to do... as a way to get back on line (say you're really behind the tempo of a course, almost missing gates), or you find yourself racing on a really steep pitch where it's impossible to arc every turn cleanly. I think you'll find that if you resist the urge to stivot, you'll be faster."
STIVOT PHOTOS FROM RON LEMASTER
Bode Miller - Park City GS, 2003, 1st run http://ronlemaster.com/images/2003-2...e-pc-gs-1.html
Ted Ligety & Benni Raich - Alta Badia GS December 2007 2nd run "Skid with finesse to be fast" article from Ski Racing Magazine January 30, 2008 http://www.ronlemaster.com/articles/...6_TechTalk.pdf
Ligety had the fastest 2nd run by 1.10 seconds.
WCSN video of Francois Bourque's 2007 World Cup GS run at Karnjska Gora, Slovenia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcvOYmK7cgA
Ted Ligety - Alta Badia GS December 2007 2nd run. Ligety had the fastest 2nd run by 1.10 seconds. http://youtube.com/watch?v=DGZxIbLqn-Q