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Are there differences in effective crosstraining and summer conditioning for snowboarding and skiing? Broadly, I'd say in general no, as they both use basically the same blend of energy systems and are both similar edging sports. They do have some specific differences in balance demands, obviously, which may affect the specificity of some specific types of gym and other supplemental training however.

In terms of general conditioning, I’ve basically been sold on the Bergmuller - Maier approach outlined in Helen Olsson’s Skiing Mag article among other places,,12910,1067754,00.html, though there’s no way I’d have the patience to sit and spin as Maier is described doing and I get my mix of aerobic & anaerobic endurance and power development in other ways. (Nor is there any way I’ll ever approach that overall level of fitness.) I think someone could do this from walking while playing golf, plus a few windsprints and plyometrics; from skating a skatepark; mountain biking; hiking or scree-running; whatever works & keeps them interested.

Regarding emphasizing general aerobic fitness, it's also interesting to look at the physiques of top riders: basically, they look like slightly less-lean bike racers imo, and not like powerlifters.

For specific crossover benefits, I’d rate mountain biking with an emphasis on cornering as tops, because the edging and angulation elements are very similar. The pumping elements can also be very similar for those who know how to pump a bike.

Skating: both inline and skateboarding I think are good for general conditioning. Skateboarding is very good for specific crossover for dropping in and similar types of fore-aft balance transfer including pumping; not very good imo for “edging” and torsional training because the board is much more under you and turning happens basically through the ankles first, and there is no real edge transfer of any sort. Ollies have definite and obvious crossover, and boardsliding happens pretty much the same way, so pretty specific there.

Longboarding and Tierney Boards: all great general conditioning and a lot of fun. The T-board comes somewhat closer than anything else to the feeling of carving imo; unlike regular skateboarding you can sort of catch an edge but slams from the board shooting out forward or backwards are hard to get, just as on a snowboard. Still no real edge transfer though. Basically, I’d say T-boards are analogous to inlinging for skiing and neck and neck with mountain biking for specific crossover, though visually T-boards’re obviously much more similar.

Balance boards: imo good general conditioning, and good for practicing elements of spins and fairly specific crossover for boardslides. No real edging again nor any turns, so not that specific in other ways.

Wobble boards, Swiss balls and other “wobbly” stuff: imo a snowboard is a flat plank with two feet strapped securely to it; no real wobbling goes on. And I’ve never seen evidence that balance is a general skill that transfers across different movements, so I don’t see the specific benefit. But, they can be really fun, and the Swiss balls in particular can be good for general “core” stretching and conditioning stuff.

Air awareness: a whole ‘nuther thing which sadly I have very little of, and also interestingly very specific in that park jumps are very different from rock drops, etc.

There are also psychological elements that imo tie into balance among other things through the back door, some people seem to be able to crosstrain these too.