Originally Posted by telerod15
Stein Eriksen. 1952 Olympic champion. Counter-rotation. But waisteering is a technique that uses less counter than other current techniques. Waisteering is more closely related to Schnieider's rotation from the 1940s than Stein's counter-rotation as far as I can tell.
Interesting observation TR. Actually WS has very little resemblance to the ski technique of the 40's. My wife has one of the most extensive collection of first edition ski technique books going back to 1920's.
In "When We Ski" published in 1937 by Charles M. Dudley he talks about the "High Speed Turn".
Here is how Dudley describes a right turn as Schnieder would have done it.
Right turn being described
"From the normal running position the skier edges his skis on the right side and dives towards the point of the right ski. The knees are slightly bent. The left shoulder leads
in the dive. The weight is of necessity on the balls of the feet. When the turn is completed the skis are flattened and the weight is returned to normal.
High speed turns may be done to the left"[sic.]
The rotational forces applied to the skis in the thirties and forties was accomplished by the intentional rotation of the shoulders and if there were any core involvement the core was used to slow down or reverse the active rotation of the shoulders. In 1947 Sverre Engen (yeah, Alf's Bro) talked about the parallel christie in these terms;
"To get a working understanding of the parallel christie we have to go back right to the start to the snowplow. The snowplow turn is steered. The stem turn if half steered and half swung. The stem Christie is one-third steered and two-thirds swung. And so we come logically to the final and highest development of Arlberg Technique, the parallel Christie which is piratically 100 percent swung."
Sverre when using the term "swung" is referring to the intentional rotation of the shoulders in order to transfer rotational forces to the skis as was Dudley and Schnieder. Sverre goes on to refer to this movement as "Body Swing".
In Waist Steering we do not rotate the shoulders inwards towards the arc in order to impart any rotational forces to the skis, in fact, we can WS and allow our shoulders to stay open or countered to the direction of travel.
In Rick's THE HISTORY & PRINCIPLES OF WAIST STEERING
Rick takes our concept to its most evolved level to date stating the following;
"While Tommy and Gary initially only zeroed in on a single application of core recruitment, what we've later come to realize is that the manner in which we can use WAIST STEERING while skiing is multifold. In this article I will explain in detail each of these applications, and how they can be employed by any skier."
He goes on to explain that core muscle recruitment can be used for any number of rotational movements of the waist/hip;
"Skiing is a dynamic sport. The environment in which we perform is ever changing, and as such we are constantly called upon to manage the rotational orientation of our pelvis to meet the current needs. We do this through the continuous recruitment of our core muscles. I'll explain.
During a turn a necessary amount of counter is called for. That amount is dependent on the forces each particular turn creates and how high an edge angle we intend to achieve. There are a couple ways we can achieve that countered position. One is to just let it happen naturally. We call this "skiing into counter". As the skis change direction through the turn the pelvis is not forced to rotate in harmony, and counter just happens. At other times, a particular situation will demand the creation of counter be sped up, and the core muscle recruitment associated with WAIST STEERING will be required. In either instance, there comes a point when all the counter needed for a particular turn will have been created, and for the remainder of the turn the core powered advancement of the outside foot/hip/shoulder can be used to provide all the benefits of powering the outside half through the turn as described above."
What WAIST STEERING brings new to the table is a clearer understanding of the specific benefits that can be derived through exploitation of the rotational aspects of core muscle recruitment.
Let me explain this a little better. The muscles in the area of our waist have the ability to produce multiple forms of movement. We can use them to tip our upper body forward. We can tip back. We can also tip laterally to each side. But the specific form of core muscle recruitment that WAIST STEERING focuses on is that which can be used to rotate the pelvis clockwise and counterclockwise.
It's this rotational use of our core muscles that is at the foundation of WAIST STEERING. I've personally found it an interesting journey exploring over the past year all the ways in which we use our core in this manner while skiing. While Tommy and Gary initially only zeroed in on a single application of core recruitment, what we've later come to realize is that the manner in which we can use WAIST STEERING while skiing is multifold. In this article I will explain in detail each of these applications, and how they can be employed by any skier."
So there you have it. Not only is WS a completely new approach to how utilize the "Kinetic Chain" while skiing it also provides the ability to ski square or countered at any point in the turn depending on what the skier intends. The skier can use natural developing "inside half lead" (IHL)(not to be confused with Counter Rotation) as explained in Bolter's ArcTech then use Waist Steering to square the hips and drive the outside half through the turn (without the shoulder leading as was done in the '30s and '40's) or WS can be used to increase the rotational orientation of the hips to full counter from IHL to project the Center of Mass/Gravity (COM/COG) forward and outside of a "force based platform".
The application of WS is unlimited and unfettered by stance or type of turn. Whether skiing arc-to-arc turns, low level steered turns to highest level Pivot Entry Turns (PET and "The Shake") understanding and employing the recruitment of the core muscles systems utilizing true WS is key to making modern ski racing movement patterns.
Its simple, ski from the waist down, not the feet up or shoulders down.
Lastly. Once WS is understood and mastered (not in the Tai Chi sense as it can never be mastered in that context) it simply becomes integral in how the skier moves within the context of the environment (terrain, snow conditions, turn shape, and so on) and not a single minded focus or end all technical application. It is simple bringing the core into play and unleashing the stored power of the core when needed or desired.
Hope this helps clarify that WS has nothing to do with the techniques of the past in the purest sense. To say that these early skiers did not employ their cores muscles in their skiing would also be incorrect as we can't move without using the core.
How developed is your understanding of how your core muscle systems affect and effect your movement on skis?