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# MA request (split off from instructor videos thread) - Page 3

I'm going to put forth an alternative perspective to all this.  Can any of you get very large edge angles going slow on a green run with a wide arc?  I can't.  Maybe that just shows my focus is on moguls, or it's because the amount of angle that you can achieve carving a perfect arc is related to centrifugal force which depends on angular velocity.  So, at slow speeds there is a physical limit to how much lean you can hold without falling over.  One way to get the skis to higher edge angles is if the center of mass isn't leaned over as much as the skis.  You can do this by angulation.  There's only so much angulation the body can do, but if you rotate your upper body to give you some forward bend at the hips, then you can create more angulation then just by bending to the side.

So, this may be a perfect example where the instructor's advice will fail to give the desired results, and NCski will question their skills.  When NCski tries to implement all the suggestions in this thread, he won't be able to get the extreme edge angles going slow on a green run.  He can try and try and try, but will keep falling over.  Perhaps this is why he wanted to see instructor video on a gentle green slope.  Probably none of you can achieve the same edge angles at that speed.  So, the problem is who cares about high edge angles on a green slope?  The best advice for this skier may be to stop working on high edge angles on green slopes.  If green slope edge angles are the ultimate goal, then he is perhaps the superior skier to all of us, and we could all learn quite a bit by following his example.  If I'm wrong about this then let's get a ski off.  Let's get the slope pitch, ski turning radius, and velocity for NCski, and see if anyone can post a video on the same terrain with as much edge angle.

Quote:
Originally Posted by The Engineer

If I'm wrong about this then let's get a ski off.  Let's get the slope pitch, ski turning radius, and velocity for NCski, and see if anyone can post a video on the same terrain with as much edge angle.

Need snow for that.

I understand the AO, the NAO, and the Siberian ice pack may look favorable for the EC.

Quote:
Originally Posted by The Engineer

I'm going to put forth an alternative perspective to all this.  Can any of you get very large edge angles going slow on a green run with a wide arc?  I can't.  Maybe that just shows my focus is on moguls, or it's because the amount of angle that you can achieve carving a perfect arc is related to centrifugal force which depends on angular velocity.  So, at slow speeds there is a physical limit to how much lean you can hold without falling over.  One way to get the skis to higher edge angles is if the center of mass isn't leaned over as much as the skis.  You can do this by angulation.  There's only so much angulation the body can do, but if you rotate your upper body to give you some forward bend at the hips, then you can create more angulation then just by bending to the side.

So, this may be a perfect example where the instructor's advice will fail to give the desired results, and NCski will question their skills.  When NCski tries to implement all the suggestions in this thread, he won't be able to get the extreme edge angles going slow on a green run.  He can try and try and try, but will keep falling over.  Perhaps this is why he wanted to see instructor video on a gentle green slope.  Probably none of you can achieve the same edge angles at that speed.  So, the problem is who cares about high edge angles on a green slope?  The best advice for this skier may be to stop working on high edge angles on green slopes.  If green slope edge angles are the ultimate goal, then he is perhaps the superior skier to all of us, and we could all learn quite a bit by following his example.  If I'm wrong about this then let's get a ski off.  Let's get the slope pitch, ski turning radius, and velocity for NCski, and see if anyone can post a video on the same terrain with as much edge angle.

That's insightful right there.  Angulation has the power to drive high edge angles on low pitch terrain.  As a new skier some time back, I discovered this way of getting high angles and went right into making this type of turn.  I got rid of it, too.  It was an important stage in my progression.  But back then I thought I had "arrived."  Nope.

The OP has a fractured right clavicle and a torn right LCL.  So he's on gentle terrain.  He says the broken body parts are prohibiting him from doing something in his turns that he regularly does and have forced him onto easy terrain.  I wish he would go ahead and say what he's not doing (in any terms, who cares).  What I see missing in these turns, tipping at the ankles, holding the feet up under the body, and shortening that inside leg more-more-more, is maybe not directly prohibited by those injuries.  But pain is fickle, and can't be predicted.

There may or may not be a problem with practicing this type of turn on low pitch terrain; the movement pattern could get engrained, and does often. But skiers who video and post for MA are clearly working on their form.  Getting "stuck" because of imperfect practice doesn't happen so often when someone is that determined to incorporate changes in their skiing.

Edited by LiquidFeet - 10/9/16 at 6:16am
Quote:
Originally Posted by The Engineer

I'm going to put forth an alternative perspective to all this.  Can any of you get very large edge angles going slow on a green run with a wide arc?  I can't.

Wayne Wong can

Edge angle is a function of many things, as shown above... or below:

Hey, look what I found - this poster trying the same turn shape as the OP, on a blue, few seasons ago:

and on a green:

btw - after those three blue runs, my back simply gave out and the day was over.

I think these are directly applicable. It's about the control of the hips and decoupling the tipping from the upper body, which I think these show.

p.s. one advantage of always carrying a camera in my pocket, for coaching purposes, is that it's easy to find someone to take video of me.

Edited by razie - 10/9/16 at 6:53am
Quote:
Originally Posted by LiquidFeet

That's insightful right there.  Angulation has the power to drive high edge angles on low pitch terrain.  As a new skier some time back, I discovered this way of getting high angles and went right into making this type of turn.  I got rid of it, too.  It was an important stage in my progression.  But back then I thought I had "arrived."  Nope.

The OP has a fractured right clavicle and a torn right LCL.  So he's on gentle terrain.  He says the broken body parts are prohibiting him from doing something in his turns that he regularly does and have forced him onto easy terrain.  I wish he would go ahead and say what he's not doing (in any terms, who cares).  What I see missing in these turns, tipping at the ankles, holding the feet up under the body, and shortening that inside leg more-more-more, is maybe not directly prohibited by those injuries.  But pain is fickle, and can't be predicted.

There may or may not be a problem with practicing this type of turn on low pitch terrain; the movement pattern could get engrained, and does often. But skiers who video and post for MA are clearly working on their form.  Getting "stuck" because of imperfect practice doesn't happen so often when someone is that determined to incorporate changes in their skiing.

He does make a point about speed differences that hasn't come up but the angulation vs inclination discussed earlier covers it without mentioning it. That the skier is too reliant on inclination, angular momentum and rebound to achieve edge angles at a slow speed and flat slope is an indication that these movements cannot be brought to the steeps. Tenuous at best. Challenging others to make similar edge angles at slow speeds and flat slope using anything similar is simply asking people to ingrain these bad habits. The well supported consensus above that he is relying on hip movement to edge his skis is a flaw replete with implications of the necessity of a complete reversal. These edge angles at slow speed and flat slope are very easy to perform, actually easier with the correct technique which includes more angulation and less inclination. But too much focus on resultant edge angles may be the very impetus of the dominant, leading, quirky and somewhat dumping hip. This skier, ncski, is absorbing the visual highlights of others technique such as the exotically and dynamically appearing hip movement which is their output, and is mimicking it (mimicking is OK for learning) and is forcing him to "ski" from the hip. On the other hand, for a disabled war veteran or someone who is amputated or nerve dead from the knee down, this may be a viable technique.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Rich666

Challenging others to make similar edge angles at slow speeds and flat slope using anything

My implication was with prescribed techniques.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Rich666

[T]oo much focus on resultant edge angles may be the very impetus of the dominant, leading, quirky and somewhat dumping hip.

Rich666:  I see that you can use your powers for good (even in spite of TE's childish baiting).

1.  Yes,  I have been there, done that very hip dump, seen that in other skiers, asked about it, been told somewhat why it is wrong, and eliminated it from my skiing.  And I flirted shortly with the hip dump for exactly your stated reason, when I was learning the joy of arcing an edged ski.  Get em on edge get em high on edge and do it quickly by employment of big mass, i.e., the torso and hip.

2.  But all I did then was eliminate the hip dump and go to "proper" front-oriented inside waist pinching outside waist stretching type of angulation.  (E.g., whitewater kayak roll.)

3.  What I have been working on since and which has been superbly emphasized by this forum and in all of those JF Beulieu, Reilly McGlashan and Jonathan Ballou training videos is that the hip/torso angulation should be the "result" or "outcome" of centrifugal/centripetal force resulting from the arc of an edged ski.  And angulation - even proper front-oriented angulation - should not be the "input" or "movement" to make the ski edge.  I truly now understand that angulation should be the "result/outcome" of edged skiing, not the "input/movement" to create/cause the edge.  So, the MA key lesson learned here is from LiquidFeet, ask yourself, "What moves first?"

Epiphany coming ... !  "Park and Ride" is the "result" of making the edge angles with your hips and torso.  (And yes, NCSki, you are guilty of sitting on and riding that park bench...)

"Dynamic skiing"  is the "result/outcome/response" which your legs and body make in response to ski pressure and terrain variations.  (Dude, this is a total Rollerblade/skating method of movement!  But, because skis are bigger/heavier than blades, I must have (wrongfully) thought that I needed bigger/heavier (i.e., body/torso) mass movements to articulate them...)

NCSki you may be beyond number 1, but for your injury.  I advise you not to plateau at number 2, by just eliminating the hip dump.  If you aren't there already but for your injury, move on to number 3.

I wish all of you "Passholders" who are really instructors would change your designation to "Instructor."  It would help me and maybe even others to know where you are coming from.  Step it up guys and gals.

GoodOnYa' M8!

Thanks.

Edited by Tim Hodgson - 10/9/16 at 10:27am
Tim, I am an instructor/"unofficial" instructor trainer at my mountain, just so you know...just haven't bothered getting that instructor badge here on epic :-)

zenny

NCSki:  BTW, with your excellent knowledge of movements of the body, you would make an excellent ski instructor.  Join up!

Maybe you could show us your MA skills by MA-ing the skier in the original post in this thread?

I think NCski may have checked out so, just for fun here, what is everyone's Rx here? Where would you start with him?

zenny

Isolating movement to the feet only, on easiest Blue Terrain:

1.  Side slips to edge set (edge on/edge off);

2.  Traverse/garlands edge on/edge off);

3.  Patience turns to initiate turn (flat skis with cuff pressure, turning to fall line);

4.  Edge on throughout 2nd and 3d phase of turn (hip angulation and counter only as necessary to counteract the centrifugal/centripetal force generated by the arc/edge angle.  Keep his hands low and forward in goggle view at all times);

5.  Now here is where it is interesting, NCski has demonstrated that he can do both an up-unweighting to four-edge flat ski transition and as well as a flex to four-edge flat ski transition, so:

moving to shorter radius turns with a flex to transition.

My guess is that his hip dumping may be limited to his higher centrifugal/centripetal force shorter turns.

In short turns, NCSki will also have to become more patient with the end of the turn.  Making sure that the ski turns back under him almost uphill, moving his torso squarely down the hill.  The hip dumping is at the 2d phase of his turn, he never fully completes his turns in phase 3 because hip dumping is anatomically impossible when the skis are crossing laterally under your CoM, in my opinion.

Doing a seated static ankle to tibia to femur to hip socket on off movement like that shown in post #47 may be helpful to start.

To provide some context for my opinions; I think it amazing that anyone would limit their learning, especially in the beginning and intermediate phases, to precise parameters of description or analogy.   It's hard to imagine any student rejecting advice or movement instruction from a Balanchine (dance) or Beaulieu (ski) unless offered within a self-described language or articulation. It is equally hard to imagine student's who haven't already watched, absorbed and applied stuff they've seen (even in passive observation) to any personal journey to competency. Frankly, I don't think it possible.  The simple fact is we all learn and perform movement way before we learn and apply any formal systems.  We all learn to balance and walk and run and spin as children.

It is also very difficult and counter effective to restrict our brain's automatic or subconscious processes that were created over ages of evolution.   We automatically learn by watching and repeating what we think we see.   Obviously, higher levels of learning and training seek to control or direct these processes in certain ways.  Eventually this control morphs in into fully developed academic or scientific formats.  But, technical details, even in advanced ski instruction as one example are not always "the best or only way to mastery".    That journey is personal and filled with wonderful and terrible side streets or cul-de-sac which sometimes leads to excitement and epiphany.

I'm not qualified to provide precise technical MA advice.  Big surprise - that will not prevent me from offering an opinion!!

I want the student to focus on balance, independent leg action, and a responsive kinetic chain that starts at the feet.

I would like to see a more compact, upright, skier focused on center-line balance. Reduce folding at the waist. (Use gliding wedge - flat skis - on green slope.)

I would like to see movement of mass and direction created and controlled by independent leg action and length. Reduce hip/ass swing (Gliding wedge to parallel garlands - green.)

I would like to see turns derive from independent leg action that creates foot tilt, foot steering, and independent foot pressure.  (Garlands to linked turns - shallow blue).

Edited by doski - 10/9/16 at 2:29pm
Quote:
Originally Posted by doski

To provide some context for my opinions; I think it amazing that anyone would limit their learning, especially in the beginning and intermediate phases, to precise parameters of description or analogy.   It's hard to imagine any student rejecting advice or movement instruction from a Balanchine (dance) or Beaulieu (ski) unless offered within a self-described language or articulation. It is equally hard to imagine student's who haven't already watched, absorbed and applied stuff they've seen (even in passive observation) to any personal journey to competency. Frankly, I don't think it possible.  The simple fact is we all learn and perform movement way before we learn and apply any formal systems.  We all learn to balance and walk and run and spin as children.

It is also very difficult and counter effective to restrict our brain's automatic or subconscious processes that were created over ages of evolution.   We automatically learn by watching and repeating what we think we see.   Obviously, higher levels of learning and training seek to control or direct these processes in certain ways.  Eventually this control morphs in into fully developed academic or scientific formats.  But, technical details, even in advanced ski instruction as one example are not always "the best or only way to mastery".    That journey is personal and filled with wonderful and terrible side streets or cul-de-sac which sometimes leads to excitement and epiphany.

I'm not qualified to provide precise technical MA advice.  Big surprise!!  That will not prevent me from offering an opinion.

I want the student to focus on balance, independent leg action, and a responsive kinetic chain that starts at the feet.

I would like to see a more compact, upright, skier focused on center-line balance. Reduce folding at the waist.

(Use gliding wedge - flat skis - on green slope.)

I would like to see movement of mass and direction created and controlled by independent leg action and length. Reduce hip/ass swing (Gliding wedge to parallel garlands - green.)

I would like to see turns derive from independent leg action that creates foot tilt, foot steering, and independent foot pressure.  (Garlands to linked turns - shallow blue).

I suspect our OP would recoil from any wedge-talk. Wedge is anathema to specific camps.

Quote:
Originally Posted by doski

To provide some context for my opinions; I think it amazing that anyone would limit their learning, especially in the beginning and intermediate phases, to precise parameters of description or analogy.   It's hard to imagine any student rejecting advice or movement instruction from a Balanchine (dance) or Beaulieu (ski) unless offered within a self-described language or articulation. It is equally hard to imagine student's who haven't already watched, absorbed and applied stuff they've seen (even in passive observation) to any personal journey to competency. Frankly, I don't think it possible.  The simple fact is we all learn and perform movement way before we learn and apply any formal systems.  We all learn to balance and walk and run and spin as children.

It is also very difficult and counter effective to restrict our brain's automatic or subconscious processes that were created over ages of evolution.   We automatically learn by watching and repeating what we think we see.   Obviously, higher levels of learning and training seek to control or direct these processes in certain ways.  Eventually this control morphs in into fully developed academic or scientific formats.  But, technical details, even in advanced ski instruction as one example are not always "the best or only way to mastery".    That journey is personal and filled with wonderful and terrible side streets or cul-de-sac which sometimes leads to excitement and epiphany.

I'm not qualified to provide precise technical MA advice.  Big surprise!!  That will not prevent me from offering an opinion.

I want the student to focus on balance, independent leg action, and a responsive kinetic chain that starts at the feet.

I would like to see a more compact, upright, skier focused on center-line balance. Reduce folding at the waist.

(Use gliding wedge - flat skis - on green slope.)

I would like to see movement of mass and direction created and controlled by independent leg action and length. Reduce hip/ass swing (Gliding wedge to parallel garlands - green.)

I would like to see turns derive from independent leg action that creates foot tilt, foot steering, and independent foot pressure.  (Garlands to linked turns - shallow blue).

I really like that part up there in red.  It makes the search for good guidance, with all its pitfalls, sound exciting instead of infuriating.

Personal memory:  reading conflicting opinions on this forum has been fun for me over the years.  When I first joined this forum as a lowly terminal intermediate, back in the day of Max_501 and all the turmoil he was churning up, I kept notes on whose posts I trusted and whose I didn't.   Epiphanies have happened at their own mysterious rate since then, but they usually happen when I'm alone playing around on snow with this and that.  All that stuff that I read all the time will be playing in the background, though.  Too much information, conflicting information, and words that don't connect, are potentially useful.  Whereas, THE ONE RIGHT WAY approach for skiing is not very useful.

Quote:
Originally Posted by zentune

I think NCski may have checked out so, just for fun here, what is everyone's Rx here? Where would you start with him?

zenny

I'm surprised that the profile page no longer tells when someone was last online.  When was that feature deleted?  Since it's not there, we don't really know if NCski is reading but holding back on posting.

My advice would be what worked for me.

--Make railroad tracks by heading straight down the fall line on gentle terrain, tipping the ankles only, upper body facing directly downhill.  Get used to what your carving skis do when you do that.

--Pay attention to how much turn radius you get when just heading straight downhill and tipping the ankles, when speed is not a concern on that gentle terrain.

--It probably won't be much.  The corridor may remain rather narrow, with a ton of speed gain.  Thus the low pitch terrain.

--How fast can you tip 'em left and right?  Speed up, faster, faster.  Think of yourself in flush gates, in a slalom course.  Work those poles, wrist-flicking.  Wheeeee!  all the way back to the lodge.

--Then add to the ankle-tipping by flexing the inside leg more; conceive of this flexing as lifting up the inside knee.  How high can you lift that knee?  How fast can you do it left-right-left-right?

--As you lift the knee, the ski remains on the snow, both lower legs tip more dramatically because the outside leg follows the inside's lead, and voila you get higher edge angles on the skis.

--Keep upper body upright and facing ahead all the while.

--Pay attention as you do this to where the inside foot is relative to the hip above it.

--See if you can keep the top of the inside boot cuff (aka middle of the lower leg, which you can probably feel without looking down) directly below the hip above it.

--If you successfully do this, you will get wider arc-to-arc carved turns compared to only tipping the ankles, and your feet (both of them) will stay beneath you.

--You can maintain as narrow or wide a stance as you prefer; it doesn't really matter.  Reilly (et al) maintain a narrow stance.  It's aesthetically pleasing, and functional in this type of turn.

--You are already keeping your head from going up and down; just keep doing that.  It's a skill you've already built.

--You currently have no observable stem; doing what I'm suggesting should not introduce that.  You will be motoring the extra edging with the inside leg, so a stem shouldn't suddenly appear.

--The hips will stay higher than we see in your videos; you'll be disappointed and worried that you no longer look like a racer at the gate in a GS course (but you didn't before, so let it go).

--You will be making retraction turns; there will probably be rebound from your skis.

--As you refine these retraction turns, you can play with reducing the rebound and/or increasing it.  This is your prerogative; play and experiment.

--Practice, practice, practice.  Gentle terrain first, medium terrain next, steep terrain if you dare.

--Should you take this to steep terrain, turn completion is a good way to avoid uncomfortable speed.

--Keep watching Reilly McGlashan.  Video yourself and compare yourself to him in a Word document, as I did above.

--You're close enough to just go for it, no drills.  IMHO.

Edit:  I see no evidence of you being in the back seat, but there's no view of you from the side and the video is from far away, so no one can really tell.

There may be an issue at the point in your turns after the fall line if you turn your hips more to the outside to drop them lower.  Or not.

Edited by LiquidFeet - 10/9/16 at 3:19pm
LF I can still see when you were last online. I believe there is a feature that allows one to hide their online status...

zenny
Quote:
Originally Posted by lakespapa

I suspect our OP would recoil from any wedge-talk. Wedge is anathema to specific camps.

That's fair.  Nothing wrong with remaining focused on specific or recommended technical paths.  I've visited various camps over the years.   Maybe OP will visit some others, too.

Reducing variables can improve learning.   A gliding wedge is pretty good for that.  Whereas speed and momentum can hide fault or reinforce habit.

Before this skier does anything else he has to be centered. Not enough info in vids to really tell but I'd say that it is not a fore/aft alignment issue but a poor stance issue.

Fix is going to flat terrain to find centered and then doing everything every one here is recommending, as well as the ghostly action he wanted us to see, and then the tool will work even better than it is.

fom

Quote:
Originally Posted by zentune

I think NCski may have checked out so, just for fun here, what is everyone's Rx here? Where would you start with him?

zenny

Would you not have to know what his goals are first? Identifying what is right or wrong in his skiing is dependent on a frame of reference that others might not share. .Which I believe is why the OP was requesting MA only in the first place. To put it another way, who decides what is the correct way to ski for the OP?

The OP decides, of course.

It seems to me from his posts over the last few weeks, and his skiing in those videos, that he would like to ski like Reilly, thus my MA approach.

He hasn't denied or affirmed that yet.

Hey, I wouldn't mind skiing like Reilly.  You?

Quote:
Originally Posted by LiquidFeet

The OP decides, of course.

It seems to me from his posts over the last few weeks, and his skiing in those videos, that he would like to ski like Reilly, thus my MA approach.

He hasn't denied or affirmed that yet.

Hey, I wouldn't mind skiing like Reilly.  You?

I'm working on it. Reilly or J. F.  Maybe J. F., b/c he speaks French and hangs out just over the border at Mont Ste. Anne.

Quote:
Originally Posted by MrGolfAnalogy

Would you not have to know what his goals are first? Identifying what is right or wrong in his skiing is dependent on a frame of reference that others might not share. .Which I believe is why the OP was requesting MA only in the first place. To put it another way, who decides what is the correct way to ski for the OP?

Of course you may be right! However, it is my strong feeling (95% ?) that the op is seeking to ski a certain way/style as others have suggested and, if that is indeed the case, he is not there yet and may find some of the suggestions here of particular use :-)

zenny

I feel ncski sought a reasonable entitlement

one that "dances" with certain enlightenment

a certain type of movement analysis

one that provokes our mental paralysis

a butterfly pulled into a spider’s funnel

a rat blocked by a snake in its tunnel

a grasshopper clinging to a windblown hood

a wet spider in the toilet climbing as if it could

a thought that got tweaked, shred and blurred

the subject now gone silent and unheard

still, many gerbils climb aboard that wheel

for yet another youtube ragdoll reel:

Ouch, Rich. (How's that for a clotted rhyme?)

P.S. I like the hamster video. Those Russian Dwarfs are crabby little things.

Quote:
Originally Posted by zentune

I think NCski may have checked out so, just for fun here, what is everyone's Rx here? Where would you start with him?

zenny

Recent news headline: Matthew causes severe flooding and power outages in NC

Just a guess why he/she has gone silent.
Quote:
Originally Posted by sharpedges

Recent news headline: Matthew causes severe flooding and power outages in NC

Just a guess why he/she has gone silent.

Holy cow! Makes total sense...hope all is well NC!

zenny
In that case I will refrain from further comment until he/she returns, save only to respond to being quoted...

zenny

I won't. Hopefully his rowing technique has not recently received a movement analysis.  :)

While waiting for NCski's response, I have been ruminating. Has anyone thought about how a ski’s longitudinal flex balance, torsional flex balance, overall sidecut depth and sidecut balance are designed to work harmoniously in transforming the ski from a completely inanimate object into a such a vastly complex and multifaceted tool immediately upon its connection with the foot and slope? In return, the foot offers a mechanically harmonious union that is supported by an even higher level of complexity as in 360 degrees of directional force in every plane. Throw in God given slopes and we have a zesty soup of spectacular mind blowing organomechanical results. If summers were to  disappear and humans were to slide on snow standing up for the next 42 billion years, what will the skis and boots that are eventually genetically mutated into what is the current state of human form look like? I can just see all the newly evolved tendons, muscles, ligaments and bone. Please bear with me now and think “Alien”. Perhaps a light, torsionally rigid and snappy fish scale core design for the shovels and tails with strong femur like bone support under the foot. Of course a slowly renewing nail like material for the ski base that hardens like bone and then tooth material towards the edges. The top sheet would simply be skin that we either tan, use a lot of sunscreen on or, for some reason, tattoo words like Fischer and Atomic across the top. Probably a little mane at the tail that some would dress up, dye, shave a punk rock mohawk or simply trim appropriately as per what I would suggest. Of course the usual complement of neurological and circulatory networks will be fully embedded into the system. Surrounding what used to be the “feet”, I can see a small bone ribcage pattern interlaced with tendons that pull tight over a sheath of sinew covering flexing muscles beneath that connect through lower ligaments to very long metatarsals that reach the light and boney fish pattern at the shovels and tails. When encountering rough terrain, the anatomical boot will “tighten” like a sphincter and facilitating a response that transfers directly to the tips and tails of our new ski feet. Of course the technology of the time includes the ability for lab initiated viral-genetic mutations that can be programmed for SL, GS, SG and DH. Those sporting reptilian tails for performance enhancement would be disqualified for competition until there is enough to start their own league. The weirdest part of all this to me was the thought of going to the dentist to sharpen my skis. I know. Somewhat crazy. But I just got back from 42000000002016 and that’s the shizzle.

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