Originally Posted by justanotherskipro
Level dependent options.
Beginners; Step J turns head down the hill in a shallow traverse, then steup uphill to a stop
and ILF ILF may mean inside leg flex (??)... glide straight down the hill in a narrow wedge, and shorten one leg then shorten the other; this will produce turns
Level 1 coaches included. not sure why this is here; maybe this is something a Level 1 instructor is supposedly capable of teaching, while not being capable of teaching other things listed below; or maybe it's a Level 1 certification exam task
Intermediates; 1000 step turns make turns while stepping continuously, picking up the whole ski for each step; step turns have their difficult moments so figuring out how to step continuously is the challenge; skis may either slip with each step, or grip with each step
and diverging skate (diagonal stride) turns make turns while stepping continuously, keeping the tail of the stepping ski near the stance ski's tail while moving the stepping ski's tip out away from the stance ski; do this as if your intention were to skate, focusing on getting a good grip and propelling self forward; this type of step turn can be done without any skidding; in other words, it's a way to do step turns that are totally carved
Focusing on a diverging downhill step through the transition. same as previous exercise, but focus particularly on the hard part: doing those skating steps, propelling self ahead, while turning downhill to initiate the turn; caution often precludes this assertive move so the challenge is to override the caution and move the upper body where it needs to go to make this work
(Level 2 coaches included) not sure why this is here; maybe this previous example is something a Level 1 coach is supposedly not capable of teaching, but a Level 2 coach is skillful enough to teach, or maybe it's a Level 2 certification exam task
Advanced; white pass turns from a traverse using a flex and roll leg move (no up moves) "white pass turns" as described here involve lifting the uphill ski at the end of a turn, then flexing the downhill leg and rolling its knee downhill so the downhill ski tips onto its little toe edge; thus the new turn starts on the new inside ski, on its little toe edge; the new outside ski stays lifted until the skis point down the fall line, at which point the skier sets that outside ski down; the challenge is moving the upper body where it needs to go so that this whole thing works; overriding caution is an issue.
Level 3 candidates) I think I see the pattern here; doing the white pass turn is a Level 3 task in the certification exam in some PSIA regions
Expert; white pass edge releases and wedge turns not sure what white pass edge releases have to do with wedge turns
switch white pass wedge turns, do the exercise above backwards
carved one footed J turns a J turn is a single half turn starting with skis pointing either downhill or in a traverse, ending with skis heading back uphill and coasting to a stop; do these carved, starting with a shallow traverse and working up to starting while heading straight down the hill
with retrograde finish no idea
(one legged and staying in the track you just made). must mean do a carved (arc-to-arc, no skidding) J turn on one leg; maybe do it on each leg, starting with doing it on the big toe edge of the downhill (outside) foot, working up to doing it on the little toe edge of the uphill (inside) foot
Ankle rolls maybe means head straight down the fall line and just roll ankles, together, left and right; little wiggly carved (no skidding) turns will result, as in slalom turns around flush gates
and hula turns without skidding. totally guessing here ... head straight down the fall line and shift hips left and right to make turns; this will create carved (no skidding) turns if that's all the skier does, nothing more
Tap dance turns forward and switch. no idea
(Beyond level 3 and Trainer candidates) are "tap dance turns" a trainer task on some exam?
The list goes on and on but the key is balance and mobility. Edge platforms of limited duration force us to avoid hip dumps must mean that this list of exercises is meant to help a skier purge hip dumping, which is a good thing to purge by the way; one doesn't have to be able to do them all to purge a hip dump
and blocking against a working ski not sure what this means, or concentrating on vertical hip thrusting not sure what vertical hip thrusting is, hips dropping to the snow probably means trying to get hips to snow to match what photos of racers often show; this motivation often causes a skiing flaw known as "hip dumping;" it's a flaw because it puts a skier in a position after the skis pass the fall line that limits options; the hips get lower to the snow than the turn shape requires
Mostly because hip dumps or vaulting up and over the skis makes it nearly impossible to tap dance through a turn.