|Originally posted by Lisamarie:
As far as front squats go, on a positive note, they enhance eccentric strength. But they give too much emphasis to the upper quad, not enough to the vastus medialis, which seems to be used nuch more in modern skiing. The position is also pretty low. Could be a goos exercise for races or freestylers.
I don't beleive any squatting move focuses on the Medialis. The muscle is recruited and is stressed, however, you pretty much have to do leg extensions for concentrated work on the tear drop.
There is almost no difference in muscles strengthened in the front or back squat. Both the front and back squat can be used to work on eccentric or concentric explosive power. Both squats can be performed with a deep knee bend - although that is not recommended, it does have it's place in sport specific training (mainly powerlifting).
The difference in the front Squats is that you move your center of gravity forward by moving the bar to the front. This removes strain on the lower back. Front squats are good for people who want to squat but lack the ankle flexibility or who have longer legs, or tight lower backs. By moving the weight to the front of the body, you can balance better (education and experience talking here) and thereby complete a full range of motion that you might not be able to achieve if you have any of the problems noted. Today you can use a smith machine to steady the weight so unless you are a training for a powerlifting event, there is no need to do free standing squats, front or back.
Front squats come from power lifting (clean and jerk, and snatch movements). They are used predominately for specific training of the clean part of the lift.
To stress the rectus femoris the most (the muscle in the middle of your thigh that burns so much when skiing bumps, do hack squats in a machine. http://www.steelfitness.com/beta/tra...hacksquats.htm
For safe squatting, use a smith machine. I personally prefer the smith machines built with a slanting rail. They seem to mimic the natural movement of the squat better. http://www.femalemuscle.com/fitness/smithpic.html
Lateral lunges are more skiing specific than forward lunges. From Skiing Magazine - http://i.timeinc.net/skiing/content/...2_powerc_m.jpg[ October 09, 2002, 08:26 AM: Message edited by: Bullet ]