Originally Posted by LiquidFeet
Kneale, PSIA has been trying to get the fundamentals to cover everything and still be easy to remember. I heard several versions before the new manual came out.
--BERP is the easiest, but one word for each fundamental leaves so much out.
--This year we have the five full-sentence fundamentals (post #2) to replace BERP. Balance has been split into fore-aft and lateral (#1 & #2) so we now have 5 instead of 4.
--The four fundamentals you just gave above are easier to understand and don't have many words in them. That's really really good. I'll use them.
--They correlate with the first four of PSIA's new five fundamentals, but say it in fewer words and get the message across better because of that.
--But this set of four, which I assume you got from the horses' mouth at some point, leaves out the fifth fundamental, pressure management.
Do you know why they decided that pressure management didn't need to be addressed separately in this version? I find this omission intriguing. So many skiers think they need to press/push/pounce on the skis to do the "pressure" thing. Were they thinking that pressure management was embedded in the other four, and that leaving out a separate category for it was a good idea so as not to mislead instructors and skiers?
LF, this is a very good point about the new 5 fundamentals. Many people have been saying for years that Balance is an outcome of ERP, but here we see that balance manipulation in order to manipulate pressure along the length of the ski and laterally in order to manipulate which ski gets pressure, bias to the outside....this is not being described as an outcome of ERP, it is being described as two more skills equal to ERP, both of which are balance oriented.
The arguments about whether BALANCE is a movement skill on its own or an outcome of ERP will rage on for decades I guess, but if you think about it, the notion that B is an outcome of ERP is not sensical. We use balance manipulation activities to manipulate the outcome of which ski and which part of the ski gets pressure. And all things relate to all other things, so simply saying that B is an outcome of ERP, is really not sensical, particularly since there are other movements often needed to manipulate the two kinds of B that are now laid out...which don't even fall directly under ERP. So the new two B's are NOT outcomes of ERP at all.
BBERP is still alive and well in my view, but its just that B is being described without even using the word Balance, they are using the outcomes of pressuring which ski or which part of the ski to describe it, however this is really about balance manipulation, its unfortunate they have not codified that connection, instead leaving the word "balance" out there as some kind of mystical, misunderstood and not very well defined state of dynamic being.
Nonetheless, if you are trying for a cert, I reccomend you avoid discussing it in terms of balance, I think you will meet mixed reactions and opinions with many people preferring to still think of ERP being the key of skiing. Amongst my peers and local trainers I have noticed they don't want to give up on ERP as being the cornerstone of everything, so they are trying to describe the 5 fundamentals as 5 different outcomes, using ERP as the engine to drive those 5 fundamental outcomes. I do not believe that is accurate of what PSIA set out to do, nor do I think skiing works that way, but that is the belief system I see forming this year.
For example, please describe in ERP terms how to achieve fundamental #1 about manipulating pressure along the length of the ski. Same goes for the other one about lateral pressure manipulation. As you have astutely pointed out, they are direct balance manipulation skills and they are not outcomes of ERP.